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Science and Education

, Volume 22, Issue 10, pp 2511–2527

First Online: 03 May 2012

Abstract

Both self-organization and organization are important for the further development of the sciences: the two dynamics condition and enable each other. Commercial and public considerations can interact and -interpenetrate- in historical organization; different codes of communication are then -recombined-. However, self-organization in the symbolically generalized codes of communication can be expected to operate at the global level. The Triple Helix model allows for both a neo-institutional appreciation in terms of historical networks of university-industry-government relations and a neo-evolutionary interpretation in terms of three functions: 1 novelty production, 2 wealth generation, and 3 political control. Using this model, one can appreciate both subdynamics. The mutual information in three dimensions enables us to measure the trade-off between organization and self-organization as a possible synergy. The question of optimization between commercial and public interests in the different sciences can thus be made empirical.

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Autor: Loet Leydesdorff

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/



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