Lean body mass: the development and validation of prediction equations in healthy adultsReport as inadecuate

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BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology

, 14:53

Computational, in silico and modeling studies


BackgroundThere is a loss of lean body mass LBM with increasing age. A low LBM has been associated with increased adverse effects from prescribed medications such as chemotherapy. Accurate assessment of LBM may allow for more accurate drug prescribing. The aims of this study were to develop new prediction equations PEs for LBM with anthropometric and biochemical variables from a development cohort and then validate the best performing PEs in validation cohorts.

MethodsPEs were developed in a cohort of 188 healthy subjects and then validated in a convenience cohort of 52 healthy subjects. The best performing anthropometric PE was then compared to published anthropometric PEs in an older age ≥ 50 years cohort of 2287 people. Best subset regression analysis was used to derive PEs. Correlation, Bland-Altman and Sheiner and Beal methods were used to validate and compare the PEs against dual X-ray absorptiometry DXA-derived LBM.

ResultsThe PE which included biochemistry variables performed only marginally better than the anthropometric PE. The anthropometric PE on average over-estimated LBM by 0.74 kg in the combined cohort. Across gender male vs. female, body mass index < 22, 22- < 27, 27- < 30 and ≥30 kg-m and age groups 50–64, 65–79 and ≥80 years, the maximum mean over-estimation of the anthropometric PE was 1.36 kg.

ConclusionsA new anthropometric PE has been developed that offers an alternative for clinicians when access to DXA is limited. Further research is required to determine the clinical utility and if it will improve the safety of medication use.

KeywordsLean body mass Weight Older people Drugs  Download fulltext PDF

Author: Solomon Yu - Thavarajah Visvanathan - John Field - Leigh C Ward - Ian Chapman - Robert Adams - Gary Wittert - Renuka Visv

Source: https://link.springer.com/

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