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Earth, Planets and Space

, Volume 65, Issue 12, pp 1541–1553

First Online: 06 December 2013Received: 25 February 2013Revised: 30 August 2013Accepted: 17 September 2013

Abstract

Results of near-surface measurements of atmospheric electric field and meteorological parameters at the Indian Antarctic station, Maitri, during 12 fair-weather days of January and February, 2005, are presented. Data are analyzed to study the diurnal variation of the electric field and its departure, if any, from the global electric fields. Fair-weather days are classified into two groups depending upon the average of the hourly surface temperature. Group one, when the average of the hourly surface temperature is mostly above the freezing point, and group two, when the same is below the freezing point. The role of different ion sizes on the Maxwell current density and the air-Earth current density for the two groups are quite different under different conditions. To study the effect of ions on the atmospheric electric fields, ions are grouped as small ions, intermediate ions and large ions. We find that the small and the large ions largely influence the air-Earth current density with a correlation coefficient higher than 70%. The intermediate ions have a negative correlation in the case of group one fair-weather days, whereas for group two days no correlation is found. The diurnal variations of the Maxwell current density and the electric field show a peak between 1800 UT and 2000 UT and the nature of the variation can be attributed to the variation in worldwide thunderstorm activity. The correlation coefficient between the measured electric field and the electric field from the Carnegie curve is 0.93 with a <0.0001 significance level. Thus, the observed electric field at Maitri represents the global electric field. The results show that a wind velocity of less than 10 m-s and a surface temperature of lower than +7°C have almost no impact on the electric field and Maxwell current density.

Key wordsAntarctica electric field Maxwell current density global electric circuit surface conductivity atmospheric ions potential gradient air-Earth current density  Download fulltext PDF



Autor: Devendraa Siingh - R. P. Singh - V. Gopalakrishnan - C. Selvaraj - C. Panneerselvam

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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