Usability testing of ANSWER: a web-based methotrexate decision aid for patients with rheumatoid arthritisReportar como inadecuado

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BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making

, 13:131

Clinical decision-making, knowledge support systems, and theory


BackgroundDecision aids are evidence-based tools designed to inform people of the potential benefit and harm of treatment options, clarify their preferences and provide a shared decision-making structure for discussion at a clinic visit. For patients with rheumatoid arthritis RA who are considering methotrexate, we have developed a web-based patient decision aid called the ANSWER Animated, Self-serve, Web-based Research Tool. This study aimed to: 1 assess the usability of the ANSWER prototype; 2 identify strengths and limitations of the ANSWER from the patient’s perspective.

MethodsThe ANSWER prototype consisted of: 1 six animated patient stories and narrated information on the evidence of methotrexate for RA; 2 interactive questionnaires to clarify patients’ treatment preferences. Eligible participants for the usability test were patients with RA who had been prescribed methotrexate. They were asked to verbalize their thoughts i.e., think aloud while using the ANSWER, and to complete the System Usability Scale SUS to assess overall usability range = 0-100; higher = more user friendly. Participants were audiotaped and observed, and field notes were taken. The testing continued until no new modifiable issues were found. We used descriptive statistics to summarize participant characteristics and the SUS scores. Content analysis was used to identified usability issues and navigation problems.

Results15 patients participated in the usability testing. The majority were aged 50 or over and were university-college graduates n = 8, 53.4%. On average they took 56 minutes SD = 34.8 to complete the tool. The mean SUS score was 81.2 SD = 13.5. Content analysis of audiotapes and field notes revealed four categories of modifiable usability issues: 1 information delivery i.e., clarity of the information and presentation style; 2 navigation control i.e., difficulties in recognizing and using the navigation control buttons; 3 layout i.e., position of the videos, text, diagrams and navigation buttons; 4 aesthetic i.e., the colour, look and feel of the online tool.

ConclusionsAlthough the SUS score indicated high usability before and after major modification, findings from the think-aloud sessions illustrated areas that required further refinement. Our results highlight the importance of formative evaluation in usability testing.

KeywordsPatient decision aid Rheumatoid arthritis Methotrexate Usability test Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1472-6947-13-131 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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