Bronze Age pottery from the Aeolian Islands: definition of Temper Compositional Reference Units by an integrated mineralogical and microchemical approachReportar como inadecuado




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Applied Physics A

, Volume 113, Issue 4, pp 855–863

First Online: 08 June 2013Received: 13 April 2013Accepted: 11 May 2013

Abstract

An integrated microchemical–petrographic approach is here proposed to discriminate the provenance of archaeological pottery artefacts from distinct production centres. Our study focuses on a statistically significant sampling n=186 of volcanic temper-bearing potteries representative of the manufacturing and dispersion among the islands of the Aeolian Archipelago during the Bronze Age. The widespread establishment of new settlements and the abundant recovery of Aeolian-made ceramic in southern Italy attest for the increased vitality of the Archipelago during the Capo Graziano culture Early Bronze Age–Middle Bronze Age 2; 2300–1430 BC. Potteries from three of the main known ancient communities Lipari, Filicudi and Stromboli have been studied integrating old collections and newly excavated material. Volcanic tempers have been first investigated through multivariate analyses of relative abundances of mineral and rock clasts along with petrographic characters. In addition, we performed in-situ mineral chemistry microanalyses by Electron Microprobe and Laser Ablation—Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry to assess major and trace element composition of the most common mineral phases.

Four Temper Compositional Reference Units have been recognised based on compositional trends. Two units AI and AX are unequivocally distinct by their peculiar trace element enrichment and petrographic composition; they mostly contain samples from the sites of Lipari and Stromboli, respectively. Units AIV and AVIII, restricted to the sites of Filicudi and Stromboli, show distinct petrographic characters but overlapped geochemical fingerprints.

Electronic Supplementary MaterialThe online version of this article doi:10.1007-s00339-013-7775-3 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: D. Brunelli - S. T. Levi - P. Fragnoli - A. Renzulli - P. Santi - E. Paganelli - M. C. Martinelli

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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