Impact of changes of positive end-expiratory pressure on functional residual capacity at low tidal volume ventilation during general anesthesiaReport as inadecuate




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Journal of Anesthesia

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 664–669

First Online: 15 May 2012Received: 27 July 2011Accepted: 25 April 2012

Abstract

PurposeSeveral reports in the literature have described the effects of positive end-expiratory pressure PEEP level upon functional residual capacity FRC in ventilated patients during general anesthesia. This study compares FRC in mechanically low tidal volume ventilation with different PEEP levels during upper abdominal surgery.

MethodsBefore induction of anesthesia awake for nine patients with upper abdominal surgery, a tight-seal facemask was applied with 2 cmH2O pressure support ventilation and 100 % O2 during FRC measurements conducted on patients in a supine position. After tracheal intubation, lungs were ventilated with bilevel airway pressure with a volume guarantee 7 ml-kg predicted body weight and with an inspired oxygen fraction FIO2 of 0.4. PEEP levels of 0, 5, and 10 cmH2O were used. Each level of 5 and 10 cmH2O PEEP was maintained for 2 h. FRC was measured at each PEEP level.

ResultsFRC awake was significantly higher than that at PEEP 0 cmH2O P < 0.01. FRC at PEEP 0 cmH2O was significantly lower than that at 10 cmH2O P < 0.01. PaO2-FIO2 awake was significantly higher than that for PEEP 0 cmH2O P < 0.01. PaO2-FIO2 at PEEP 0 cmH2O was significantly lower than that for PEEP 5 cmH2O or PEEP 10 cmH2O P < 0.01. Furthermore, PEEP 0 cmH2O, PEEP 5 cmH2O after 2 h, and PEEP 10 cmH2O after 2 h were correlated with FRC R = 0.671, P < 0.01 and PaO2-FIO2 R = 0.642, P < 0.01.

ConclusionsResults suggest that PEEP at 10 cmH2O is necessary to maintain lung function if low tidal volume ventilation is used during upper abdominal surgery.

KeywordsFunctional residual capacity Positive end-expiratory pressure Low tidal volume ventilation General anesthesia  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Daizoh Satoh - Shin Kurosawa - Wakaba Kirino - Toshihiro Wagatsuma - Yutaka Ejima - Akiko Yoshida - Hiroaki Toyama - Kei N

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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