Which subgroups of fire fighters are more prone to work-related diminished health requirementsReport as inadecuate




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International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

, Volume 85, Issue 7, pp 775–782

First Online: 22 November 2011Received: 05 April 2011Accepted: 20 October 2011

Abstract

PurposeTo determine whether certain subgroups of fire fighters are prone to work-related diminished health requirements.

MethodsThe health requirements for fire-fighting were tested in a workers’ health surveillance WHS setting. These health requirements included psychological, physical and sense-related components as well as cardiovascular risk factors. The odds ratio OR and 95% confidence interval 95% CI for the presence of the diminished health requirements were calculated for the subgroups of gender, professionalism and age.

ResultsThe prevalence of diminished psychological requirements was equivalent among the subgroups, and no significant high-risk group was identified. As compared to men fire fighters, women fire fighters were more likely to have diminished physical requirements OR 28.5; 95% CI 12.1–66.9 and less likely to have cardiovascular risk factors OR 0.3; 0.1–0.5. As compared to volunteer fire fighters, professionals were less likely to have diminished physical requirements OR 0.5; 0.3–0.9, but professionals had a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors with an odds ratio of 1.9 1.1–3.2. As compared to the youngest fire fighters, the oldest fire fighters were more likely to have diminished sense-related requirements OR 7.1; 3.4–15.2; a similar comparison could be made between oldest and middle-aged fire fighters OR 5.1; 2.5–10.5. In addition, the oldest fire fighters were more likely to have cardiovascular risk factors when compared to the youngest OR 4.4; 1.7–11.1 and to the middle-aged fire fighters OR 3.1; 1.2–7.9.

ConclusionsSubgroups gender, professionalism and age of fire fighters are prone to at least one specific work-related diminished health requirement. Therefore, parts of the WHS could be applied with more attention to these high-risk groups.

KeywordsFire fighter Adverse health effect High-risk Subgroup  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Marie-Christine J. Plat - Monique H. W. Frings-Dresen - Judith K. Sluiter

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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