Correlation between mesenteric fat thickness and serum apolipoproteins in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive diseaseReport as inadecuate

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Lipids in Health and Disease

, 11:125

First Online: 01 October 2012Received: 28 July 2012Accepted: 14 September 2012


BackgroundVisceral fat possesses the most detrimental potential for cardiovascular morbidity through the release of adipokines, as well as metabolic and proinflammatory mediators, which adversely affect metabolic and vascular homeostasis. Among the different types of visceral adipose tissue, mesenteric fat is considered particularly detrimental, due to its close proximity to the portal circulation, affecting directly the liver, which is the main regulator of body metabolic homeostasis. Mesenteric fat can be reliably estimated using abdominal ultrasonography, the only available imaging method able to depict individual mesenteric leaves. Aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation of mesenteric fat thickness MFT with serum apolipoprotein levels in patients undergoing digital subtraction angiography in a single center.

Methods35 male patients with peripheral arterial disease were examined. After careful examination of the periumbilical area, the mesenteric leaves were identified. The maximal distance between each pair of sequential leaves was measured, and the mean value of the three thickest leaves was determined as the mesenteric fat thickness. Six apolipoprotein fasting serum concentrations were measured using a Luminex proteomics platform xMAP Multiplex immunoassay: apolipoprotein A-I apoAI, apolipoprotein A-II apoAII, apolipoprotein B apoB, apolipoprotein C-II apoCII, apolipoprotein C-III apoCIII and apolipoprotein E apoE.

ResultsMFT correlated with apoAII and apoB serum concentrations. The correlations with apoAII and apoB remained significant following correction for BMI. No correlations were noted between MFT and serum apoAI, apoCII, apoCIII or apoE levels before or after adjustment for BMI.

ConclusionsOur study indicates that MFT is significantly correlated with the concentration of atherogenic low density lipoproteins particles, as well as with apoAII, a determinant of free fatty acids levels. No correlation was observed between mesenteric fat thickness and very low density lipoprotein or chylomicron particles concentration.

KeywordsUltrasound Mesenteric fat thickness Adipose tissue Apolipoproteins Atherosclerosis Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1476-511X-11-125 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Apostolos Perelas - Vanessa Safarika - Ioannis S Vlachos - Irene Tzanetakou - Laskarina-Maria Korou - Panagiotis Konstantop


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