The ecology of mosquitoes in an irrigated vegetable farm in Kumasi, Ghana: abundance, productivity and survivorshipReportar como inadecuado




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Parasites and Vectors

, 5:233

First Online: 15 October 2012Received: 26 April 2012Accepted: 05 October 2012

Abstract

BackgroundIrrigated vegetable farms within the city of Kumasi, Ghana, create hotspots for the breeding of malaria vectors, which could lead to high transmission of malaria. This study investigated the abundance and productivity of mosquitoes in an irrigated vegetable farm in Kumasi, Ghana.

MethodsAdult mosquito productivity was estimated five days in a week in different irrigated scheme types dug-out wells, furrows and footprints for 12 weeks using emergence traps. Larval sampling was done five days a week to estimate the abundance of larvae from the different irrigated schemes types.

ResultsMosquito breeding in the irrigated vegetable field was confined to dug-out wells, furrows and human footprints. Mosquito productivity m-week was highest in the dugout wells followed by the human footprints and the least was in the furrows 11.23, 5.07 and 4.34 An. gambiae-m-week. Larval abundance for the late instars 3, 4 and pupae also followed the same trend, with the dug-out wells having the highest larval abundance followed by the human footprints and then the furrows 13.24, 6.81, 5.87 larvae-week. Mosquito productivity and abundance was negatively correlated with rainfall R = 0.209; P< 0.01.

ConclusionThis study showed that adult and larval mosquito abundance and larval survival were high in the irrigated fields in the irrigated vegetable farm. This therefore, contributed significantly to adult mosquito populations and hence malaria transmission in the city.

KeywordsUrban malaria Irrigated farms Anopheles gambiae Mosquito productivity Kumasi Ghana Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1756-3305-5-233 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Yaw A Afrane - Bernard W Lawson - Ruth Brenya - Thomas Kruppa - Guiyun Yan

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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