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Etnográfica 2006, 10 1

Autor: Alev Cinar



Etnográfica ISSN: 0873-6561 Centro em Rede de Investigação em Antropologia Portugal Cinar, Alev SECULARISM AND ISLAMIC MODERNISM IN TURKEY Etnográfica, vol.
10, núm.
1, mayo, 2006, pp.
85-96 Centro em Rede de Investigação em Antropologia Lisboa, Portugal Available in: How to cite Complete issue More information about this article Journals homepage in Scientific Information System Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal Non-profit academic project, developed under the open access initiative Os “camponeses” e o “imperador” SECULARISM AND ISLAMIC MODERNISM IN TURKEY Alev Cinar This paper focuses on the institutionalization of secularism in Turkey through the establishment of a Directorate of Religious Affairs as a state office, vested with full authority over Islamic thought and practice.
It explores the ways in which the state promoted this Directorate as the only legitimate Islamic authority in Turkey and how, in the 1990s, alternative voices representing Islamic thought and practice gained salience and challenged the authority of official Islam.
It is in such a context that the “Islamic modernizers” emerged as a new political movement around AK (Justice and Development) Party, which broke off from the former Islamist party Refah-Fazilet, and won a major victory at the 2002 general elections.
The paper addresses the emergence of AK Party and its policy toward secularism, political Islam and nationalism. KEYWORDS: Islam in Turkey; political Islam; nationalism; Islam and modernity; secularism; AK Party. The AK Party government that came to power following the November 2002 general elections marked the beginning of a new era not only in Turkish history but globally in terms of the place and status of Islam within modern secular systems.1 These elections wiped off from politics all of Turkey’s main political parties...

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