Metabonomic analysis of water extracts from Chinese and American ginsengs by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance: identification of chemical profile for quality controlReportar como inadecuado




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Chinese Medicine

, 7:25

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Abstract

BackgroundWith the gaining popularity of commercially prepared decoctions of herbal medicines on the market, an objective and efficient way to reveal the authenticity of such products is urgently needed. Previous attempts to use chromatographic or spectroscopic methods to identify ginseng samples made use of components derived from methanol extracts of the herb. It was not established that these herbs can be distinguished solely from consumable components, which are responsible for the clinical efficacy of the herb.

In this study, metabonomics, or metabolic profiling, based on the application of H-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance NMR, is applied to distinguish the water extracts of three closely related ginseng species: P. ginseng from two different cultivated regions in China, P. notoginseng and P. quinquefolius.

MethodsA water extraction protocol that mimics how ginseng decoctions are made for consumption was used to prepare triplicate samples from each herb for analysis. High-resolution H NMR spectroscopy was used to acquire metabolic profiles of the four ginseng samples. The spectral data were subjected to multivariate and univariate analysis to identify metabolites that were able to distinguish different types of ginseng.

ResultsH NMR metabolic profiling was performed to distinguish the water extracts of P. ginseng cultivated in Hebei and Jilin of China, both of which were distinguished from extracts of P. notoginseng and P. quinquefolius, by unsupervised principle component analysis based on the entire H NMR spectral fingerprint Statistically significant differences were found for several discriminating features traced to common metabolites and the ginsenosides Rg1 and Rd, in the H NMR spectra.

ConclusionThis study demonstrated that H NMR metabonomics can simultaneously distinguish different ginseng species and multiple samples of the same species that were cultivated in different regions. This technique is applicable to the authentication and quality control of ginseng products.

AbbreviationsPCAPrinciple component analysis

TSP-d4Sodium 3-trimethylsilylpropionate-2,2,3,3-d4.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1749-8546-7-25 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Pui Hei Chan - Ken YZ Zheng - Karl WK Tsim - Henry Lam

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/



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