Intracardiac injection of a capsid-modified Ad5-35 results in decreased heart toxicity when compared to standard Ad5Reportar como inadecuado

Intracardiac injection of a capsid-modified Ad5-35 results in decreased heart toxicity when compared to standard Ad5 - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Virology Journal

, 9:296

First Online: 29 November 2012Received: 30 April 2012Accepted: 27 November 2012


BackgroundClinical gene therapy trials for cardiovascular diseases have demonstrated the crucial role of efficient gene delivery and transfection technologies in achieving clinically relevant results. We hypothesized that the use of tropism-modified adenoviruses would improve transduction efficacy and to this end we analyzed the transduction efficiency and toxicity of standard Ad5 and tropism-modified Ad5-35 in combination with ultrasound-guided intramyocardial gene delivery.

MethodsUltrasound-guided intracardiac injections were used to deliver 1 × 10 pfu-ml Ad5-lacZ and Ad5-35-lacZ vectors into mouse left ventricle wall. Since Ad5-35 uses human CD46 as its primary receptor, we used transgenic hCD46Ge mice expressing human CD46 at levels comparable to man. Mice were sacrificed 6 or 14 days post-injection and immunohistochemistry and X-gal staining were used to detect transgene and viral receptor expression. Virus-induced cardiac toxicity was evaluated by a pathologist.

ResultsThe intramyocardial injection was well tolerated and both Ad5-lacZ and Ad5-35-lacZ were able to give robust transgene expression after a single injection. Interestingly, while Ad5-lacZ was able to generate greater transgene expression than Ad5-35-lacZ, it also evoked more severe tissue damage with large areas of interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration and myocyte necrosis.

ConclusionsUltrasound-guided intramyocardial injection is an effective and safe way to deliver vectors to the heart. The observed severe tissue damage of Ad5-lacZ greatly undermines the efficient transgene expression and suggests that Ad5-35 capsid modification can result in safer adenoviral vectors for cardiovascular gene therapy, although at the cost of some vector transduction efficacy.

KeywordsAdenovirus Intracardiac injection CAR CD46 Targeting Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1743-422X-9-296 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Raine Toivonen - Juha Koskenvuo - Mari Merentie - Mirva Söderström - Seppo Ylä-Herttuala - Mikko Savontaus


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