Increase of organic solvent tolerance of Escherichia coli by the deletion of two regulator genes, fadR and marRReportar como inadecuado

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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 96, Issue 6, pp 1619–1627

First Online: 10 October 2012Received: 31 July 2012Revised: 19 September 2012Accepted: 20 September 2012


The improvement of bacterial tolerance to organic solvents is a main prerequisite for the microbial production of biofuels which are toxic to cells. For targeted genetic engineering of Escherichia coli to increase organic solvent tolerances OSTs, we selected and investigated a total of 12 genes that participate in relevant mechanisms to tolerance. In a spot assay of 12 knockout mutants with n-hexane and cyclohexane, the genes fadR and marR were finally selected as the two key genes for engineering. Fatty acid degradation regulon FadR regulates the biosynthesis and degradation of fatty acids coordinately, and the multiple antibiotic resistance repressor MarR is the repressor of the global regulator MarA for multidrug resistance. In the competitive growth assay, the ΔmarR mutant became dominant when the pooled culture of 11 knockout mutants was cultivated successively in the presence of organic solvent. The increased OSTs in the ΔmarR and ΔfadR mutants were confirmed by a growth experiment and a viability test. The even more highly enhanced OSTs in the ΔfadR ΔmarR double mutant were shown compared with the two single mutants. Cellular fatty acid analysis showed that the high ratio of saturated fatty acids to unsaturated fatty acids plays a crucial role in OSTs. Furthermore, the intracellular accumulation of OST strains was significantly decreased compared with the wild-type strain.

KeywordsOrganic solvent tolerances Biofuel fadR marR Saturated fatty acid MDR  Download fulltext PDF

Autor: Hye Yun Oh - Jae Ok Lee - Ok Bin Kim


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