100% Orange juice consumption is associated with better diet quality, improved nutrient adequacy, decreased risk for obesity, and improved biomarkers of health in adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2006Reportar como inadecuado




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Nutrition Journal

, 11:107

First Online: 12 December 2012Received: 09 March 2012Accepted: 30 November 2012

Abstract

BackgroundConsumption of 100% orange juice OJ has been positively associated with nutrient adequacy and diet quality, with no increased risk of overweight-obesity in children; however, no one has examined these factors in adults. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of 100% OJ consumption with nutrient adequacy, diet quality, and risk factors for metabolic syndrome MetS in a nationally representative sample of adults.

MethodsData from adults 19+ years of age n = 8,861 participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2006 were used. The National Cancer Institute method was used to estimate the usual intake UI of 100% OJ consumption, selected nutrients, and food groups. Percentages of the population below the Estimated Average Requirement EAR or above the Adequate Intake AI were determined. Diet quality was measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2005 HEI-2005. Covariate adjusted logistic regression was used to determine if consumers had a lower odds ratio of being overweight or obese or having risk factors of MetS or MetS.

ResultsUsual per capita intake of 100% OJ was 50.3 ml-d. Among consumers n = 2,310; 23.8%, UI was 210.0 ml-d. Compared to non-consumers, consumers had a higher p < 0.05 percentage % ± SE of the population meeting the EAR for vitamin A 39.7 ± 2.5 vs 54.0 ± 1.2, vitamin C 0.0 ± 0.0 vs 59.0 ± 1.4, folate 5.8 ± 0.7 vs 15.1 ± 0.9, and magnesium 51.6 ± 1.6 vs 63.7 ± 1.2. Consumers were also more likely to be above the AI for potassium 4.1 ± 0.8 vs 1.8 ± 0.2. HEI-2005 was significantly p < 0.05 higher in consumers 55.0 ± 0.4 vs 49.7 ± 0.3. Consumers also had higher intakes of total fruit, fruit juice, whole fruit, and whole grain. Consumers had a lower p < 0.05 mean body mass index 27.6 ± 0.2 vs 28.5 ± 0.1, total cholesterol levels 197.6 ± 1.2 vs 200.8 ± 0.75 mg-dL, and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels 112.5 ± 1.4 vs 116.7 ± 0.93 mg-dL. Finally, compared to non-consumers of 100% OJ, consumers were 21% less likely to be obese and male consumers were 36% less likely to have MetS.

ConclusionThe results suggest that moderate consumption of 100% OJ should be encouraged to help individuals meet the USDA daily recommendation for fruit intake and as a component of a healthy diet.

KeywordsOrange juice consumption 100% fruit juice consumption Diet quality Nutrients Nutrient adequacy Adults Weight Obesity Metabolic syndrome NHANES AbbreviationsAIAdequate intake

BMIBody mass index

BRRBalanced repeated replication

CIConfidence interval

DBPDiastolic blood pressure

DFEDietary folate equivalents

DRIDietary reference intake

EAREstimated average requirements

FJ100% Fruit juice

HDL-CHigh density lipoprotein-cholesterol

HEI-2005Healthy eating index-2005

LDL-CLow density lipoprotein-cholesterol

MetSMetabolic syndrome

NHANESNational health and Nutrition examination survey

NHLBINational heart, lung, and blood institute

OJ100% Orange juice

OROdds ratio

RAERetinol activity equivalents

SBPSystolic blood pressure

SFASaturated fatty acids

UIUsual intake

WCWaist circumference.

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Autor: Carol E O’Neil - Theresa A Nicklas - Gail C Rampersaud - Victor L Fulgoni III

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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