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BioData Mining

, 5:21

First Online: 12 December 2012Received: 03 April 2012Accepted: 04 December 2012


BackgroundThe large sample sizes, freedom of ethical restrictions and ease of repeated measurements make cytotoxicity assays of immortalized lymphoblastoid cell lines a powerful new in vitro method in pharmacogenomics research. However, previous studies may have over‐simplified the complex differences in dose‐response profiles between genotypes, resulting in a loss of power.

MethodsThe current study investigates four previously studied methods, plus one new method based on a multivariate analysis of variance MANOVA design. A simulation study was performed using differences in cancer drug response between genotypes for biologically meaningful loci. These loci also showed significance in separate genome‐wide association studies. This manuscript builds upon a previous study, where differences in dose‐response curves between genotypes were constructed using the hill slope equation.

ConclusionOverall, MANOVA was found to be the most powerful method for detecting real signals, and was also the most robust method for detection using alternatives generated with the previous simulation study. This method is also attractive because test statistics follow their expected distributions under the null hypothesis for both simulated and real data. The success of this method inspired the creation of the software program MAGWAS. MAGWAS is a computationally efficient, user‐friendly, open source software tool that works on most platforms and performs GWASs for individuals having multivariate responses using standard file formats.

KeywordsPharmacogenomics Lymphoblastoid cell lines Chemosensitivity Chemotherapy Temozolomide Idarubicin MANOVA GWAS Simulation study AbbreviationsDRdose response

LCLlymphoblastoid cell line

GWASgenome‐wide association study


ANOVAanalysis of variance

MANOVAmultivariate ANOVA

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1756-0381-5-21 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Chad C Brown - Tammy M Havener - Marisa Wong Medina - Ronald M Krauss - Howard L McLeod - Alison A Motsinger‐Reif


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