HIV serostatus disclosure is not associated with safer sexual behavior among HIV-positive men who have sex with men MSM and their partners at risk for infection in Bangkok, ThailandReportar como inadecuado




HIV serostatus disclosure is not associated with safer sexual behavior among HIV-positive men who have sex with men MSM and their partners at risk for infection in Bangkok, Thailand - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

AIDS Research and Therapy

, 9:38

First Online: 23 December 2012Received: 10 October 2012Accepted: 08 December 2012

Abstract

BackgroundThe relationship between HIV serostatus disclosure and sexual risk behavior is inconsistent across studies. As men who have sex with men MSM are emerging as the key affected population in Bangkok, Thailand with reported HIV prevalence of 30%, we assessed whether HIV disclosure is associated with protected sex in this population.

MethodsA risk behavior questionnaire was administered using Audio Computer-Assisted Self-Interviewing ACASI to determine whether HIV serostatus disclosure was associated with protected sex in 200 HIV-positive MSM in Bangkok. HIV serostatus disclosure to the most recent sexual partner prior to or at the time of the sexual encounter was assessed. Protected sex was defined as insertive or receptive anal intercourse with a condom at the most recent sexual encounter.

ResultsThe mean age was 30.2 years, CD4 was 353 cells-mm, and one-third was on antiretroviral therapy. At the most recent sexual encounter, HIV serostatus disclosure rate was low 26%; 60.5% of subjects had not discussed their serostatus at all, while 5.5% had not revealed their true serostatus. Seventeen percent reported unprotected anal intercourse and about half had sex with their primary partners. The serostatus of the most recent sexual partner was HIV-positive in 19.2%, HIV-negative in 26.4%, and unknown in 54.4% of subjects. There was no association between disclosure and protected sex, with 41 of 48 85.4% disclosers and 104 of 126 82.5% of non-disclosers reported protected sex p = .65. Subjects with HIV-positive partners were less likely to report protected sex overall 20 of 33, 60.6% compared to those with HIV negative 82 of 96, 85.4% or unknown 41 of 45, 91.1% partners p = .001. Age 27-32 years vs. ≤26 years, p = .008, primary partner status p < .001, and HIV-positive serostatus of sexual partner p < .001 were significantly associated with disclosure in the multivariate analyses.

ConclusionRates of HIV disclosure to sexual partners by HIV-positive MSM in Bangkok are low. Despite low rates of HIV serostatus disclosure, most HIV-positive MSM reported protected sex with their partners at risk for infection. Future studies should focus on understanding barriers to disclosure and factors driving risk behavior amongst MSM in Thailand.

KeywordsHIV-positive Serostatus disclosure Men who have sex with men Thailand AbbreviationsARTAntiretroviral therapy

MSMMen who have sex with men.

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Autor: Nneka Edwards-Jackson - Nittaya Phanuphak - Hong Van Tieu - Nitiya Chomchey - Nipat Teeratakulpisarn - Wassana Sathienthamma

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/



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