Benchmarks for flexible and rigid transcription factor-DNA dockingReport as inadecuate

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BMC Structural Biology

, 11:45

First Online: 01 November 2011Received: 09 August 2011Accepted: 01 November 2011


BackgroundStructural insight from transcription factor-DNA TF-DNA complexes is of paramount importance to our understanding of the affinity and specificity of TF-DNA interaction, and to the development of structure-based prediction of TF binding sites. Yet the majority of the TF-DNA complexes remain unsolved despite the considerable experimental efforts being made. Computational docking represents a promising alternative to bridge the gap. To facilitate the study of TF-DNA docking, carefully designed benchmarks are needed for performance evaluation and identification of the strengths and weaknesses of docking algorithms.

ResultsWe constructed two benchmarks for flexible and rigid TF-DNA docking respectively using a unified non-redundant set of 38 test cases. The test cases encompass diverse fold families and are classified into easy and hard groups with respect to the degrees of difficulty in TF-DNA docking. The major parameters used to classify expected docking difficulty in flexible docking are the conformational differences between bound and unbound TFs and the interaction strength between TFs and DNA. For rigid docking in which the starting structure is a bound TF conformation, only interaction strength is considered.

ConclusionsWe believe these benchmarks are important for the development of better interaction potentials and TF-DNA docking algorithms, which bears important implications to structure-based prediction of transcription factor binding sites and drug design.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1472-6807-11-45 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: RyangGuk Kim - Rosario I Corona - Bo Hong - Jun-tao Guo


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