Incidence of vitiligo in children with Graves disease and Hashimotos thyroiditisReportar como inadecuado




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International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology

, 2011:18

First Online: 18 November 2011Received: 27 October 2011Accepted: 18 November 2011

Abstract

BackgroundLimited data are available on the association between vitiligo and autoimmune thyroid disease in pediatric patients. In addition, reported studies of pediatric patients have been based on a population known to have vitiligo and subsequently evaluated for the presence of thyroid function abnormalities.

MethodsA retrospective chart review was performed on 333 children who had been followed for thyroid disorders by endocrinologists at the Yale Pediatric Thyroid Center over the last 5 years for autoimmune thyroid disease. Demographical and clinical features of patients found to have thyroid disease and vitiligo were recorded. These studies were approved by the Yale Human Investigation Committee.

ResultsOf the total 333 children and adolescents, 9 2.7% were noted to have vitiligo. Four patients 44% had Graves- disease and 5 patients 66% had Hashimoto-s thyroiditis. For patients with Graves- disease and vitiligo, the average age of onset of thyroid disease was young at 4 ± 0.7 years, and the diagnosis of vitiligo usually preceded that of thyroid disease. For children with Hashimoto-s thyroiditis and vitiligo, thyroid disease was diagnosed at an average age of 13.25 ± 2.8 years.

ConclusionIn our population, 4.6% of children with Graves- disease and 2.0% of children with Hashimoto-s thyroiditis had vitiligo. Interestingly, when vitiligo presents with Graves- disease, it occurs in younger rather than older children.

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Autor: Brea Prindaville - Scott A Rivkees

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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