Studies on Ancient Rice—Where Botanists, Agronomists, Archeologists, Linguists, and Ethnologists MeetReport as inadecuate




Studies on Ancient Rice—Where Botanists, Agronomists, Archeologists, Linguists, and Ethnologists Meet - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Rice

, Volume 4, Issue 3–4, pp 178–183

First Online: 24 December 2011Received: 23 October 2011Accepted: 05 December 2011

Abstract

Taiwan’s aboriginal peoples are thought to be related to ancestral Austronesian-speaking peoples. Currently, Taiwan has 14 officially acknowledged aboriginal tribes. The major crops currently farmed in aboriginal areas are rice Oryza sativa and foxtail millet Setaria italica. Archeologists recently excavated the remains of several early cultures in Taiwan. The most plentiful plant remains were carbonated rice and foxtail millet grains. The earliest C date of these excavation sites is ∼5,000 bp. These settlements may be those of the earliest ancestral Austronesian speakers in Taiwan. Rice domestication is a complex story. In this study, we identified the functional nucleotide polymorphisms of 16 domestication-related genes using 60 landraces collected from aboriginal Taiwanese villages about 100 years ago. We also screened the phenotypes of these landraces. By integrating pheno- and genotypic data, together with data from archeologists and linguists, we may be able to better understand the history of rice cultivation in Taiwan and nearby areas.

KeywordsAustronesian Domestication Rice Taiwan  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Jaw-shu Hsieh - Yue-ie Caroline Hsing - Tze-fu Hsu - Paul Jen-kuei Li - Kuang-ti Li - Cheng-hwa Tsang

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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