Food Allergy in Lebanon: Is Sesame Seed the Middle Eastern PeanutReport as inadecuate




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World Allergy Organization Journal

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 1–3

First Online: 15 January 2011

Abstract

A randomly sampled, cross-sectional serology test-based survey was conducted in Lebanon to describe the pattern of food allergy among Lebanese population. The prevalence of specific Immunoglobulin E IgE to food allergens was investigated in 20 laboratories in different regions of Lebanon by an immunoblot assay over a 1 year period. Clinical correlation was determined in two university hospitals. There were 1842 patients with suspected IgE-mediated food allergic reactions tested for specific IgE upon their physician-s request. Clinical correlation was done in 93 patients. We identified 386 out of 1842 20.95% patients with positive specific IgE to food allergens. The clinical presentations were cutaneous, digestive, and anaphylaxis. The major cause of allergy was cow-s milk in infants and young children, hazelnut and wheat flour in adults. Although specific IgE to peanut in infants, children, and adults were higher than for sesame, peanut-induced allergic reactions were mild, in contrary to sesame where anaphylaxis was the only clinical manifestation. Recently, sesame has been recognized as an increasingly frequent and potentially severe allergen. Further studies with double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge are needed to establish the real prevalence of food allergy in Lebanon, and to determine the most common allergens taking in consideration the nutritional habits of our population.

Keywordsfood allergy sesame peanut  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Carla Irani - George Maalouly - Mirna Germanos - Hassan Kazma

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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