Degree of urbanization and gender differences in substance use among Slovak adolescentsReport as inadecuate




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International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 56, Issue 6, pp 645–651

First Online: 01 December 2010Received: 18 June 2010Revised: 21 October 2010Accepted: 06 November 2010

Abstract

ObjectivesSubstance use among adolescents varies with gender and between countries. Urbanization may contribute to this. The aim of our study is to explore the association between the degree of urbanization and gender differences in adolescent smoking, binge drinking, and cannabis use.

MethodsA cross-sectional questionnaire survey of Slovak adolescents was used N = 3,493; mean age = 14.33, stratified by degree of urbanization. The effects of gender and urbanization of the area and their interaction on substance use smoking, binge drinking, and cannabis were analyzed using a logistic regression model adjusted for age.

ResultsGender and area and their interaction had statistically significant p < 0.01 associations with substance use. The lower the urbanization of the area, the less riskily females behaved. An exception was found in the case of binge drinking where the results of the interaction of gender and degree of urbanization were not significant for the second least urbanized area.

ConclusionsPrevalence rate of substance use among girls increased along with an increasing degree of urbanization, while the prevalence rate of substance use among boys remained constant.

KeywordsGender differences Urbanization Substance use Smoking Alcohol Cannabis An erratum to this article can be found at http:-dx.doi.org-10.1007-s00038-011-0231-2

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Author: Lukas Pitel - Andrea Madarasova Geckova - Jitse P. vanDijk - Sijmen A. Reijneveld

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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