The effectiveness of moxibustion for the treatment of functional constipation: a randomized, sham-controlled, patient blinded, pilot clinical trialReport as inadecuate




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BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

, 11:124

First Online: 02 December 2011Received: 17 August 2011Accepted: 02 December 2011

Abstract

BackgroundMoxibustion is an ancient traditional medicine using burning mugworts to stimulate acupuncture points. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of moxibustion for the treatment of constipation using a randomized, sham-controlled, participant-blinded, pilot trial.

MethodsTwenty-six participants identified with either qi vital energy deficiency or qi excess syndrome were randomly divided into either a moxibustion or sham group. Participants were treated with real or sham moxibustion at 4 acupuncture points, ST23 and ST27, bilaterally, 3 times per week for four weeks. The primary outcome was the frequency of defecations; secondary outcomes were the Bristol stool form scale BSS and the constipation assessment scale CAS.

ResultsOf the 26 participants that were randomized, 24 completed the study. Defecation frequency, BSS, and CAS showed no difference between the moxibustion and sham groups. The differences were -0.25 95% CI: -2.08, 1.58, p = 0.78 -1.22 95% CI: -2.7, 0.26, p = 0.1, 0.91 95% CI: -1.46, 3.28, p = 0.44 in defecation frequency, BSS, CAS, respectively. The defecation frequency increased from an average of 3.3 to 4.6 times per week in the moxibustion group 1.5-0.5, 2, p = 0.06 and from 2.7 to 3.7 stools per week in the sham group 1-1, 2, p = 0.15 after four weeks of treatment. The difference between participants with a deficiency or an excess syndrome, determined based on assessment of sweat, facial features, pain, body energy, and pulse type, was significant in only defecation frequency. The difference was 3.3 95% CI: 0.41, 6.19, p = 0.03.

ConclusionMoxibustion treatment appears safe, but showed no positive effect on constipation. The effectiveness of moxibustion treatment may depend on the syndrome pattern, and further long-term studies with a larger number of subjects are warranted.

Trial registrationClinical Research Information Service, KCT0000168

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1472-6882-11-124 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Ji-Eun Park - Jae-Uk Sul - Kyungwon Kang - Byung-Cheul Shin - Kwon-Eui Hong - Sun-Mi Choi

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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