Bifunctional Solid Catalysts for the Selective Conversion of Fructose to 5-HydroxymethylfurfuralReport as inadecuate

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Topics in Catalysis

, Volume 53, Issue 15–18, pp 1185–1192

First Online: 29 May 2010


Solid catalysts based on SBA-15 silica were designed for the conversion of fructose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural HMF. The catalysts incorporate thioether groups that may promote the tautomerization of fructose to its furanose form, as well as sulfonic acid groups to catalyze its dehydration. The materials were characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction, N2 adsorption-desorption, and solid-state C and Si CP-MAS NMR spectroscopy. Functional groups incorporated into mesoporous silica by co-condensation are more robust under the reaction conditions water at 180 °C than those grafted onto a non-porous silica. The bifunctional mesoporous catalyst achieved a selectivity for HMF of 74% at 66% fructose conversion.

KeywordsHydroxymethylfurfural Fructose SBA-15 Solid-state NMR Dehydration Bifunctional catalyst Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1007-s11244-010-9560-2 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Anthony J. Crisci - Mark H. Tucker - James A. Dumesic - Susannah L. Scott


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