Intermittent turbulence and copepod dynamics: increase in encounter rates through preferential concentrationReportar como inadecuado




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1 LOG - Laboratoire d-Océanologie et de Géosciences

Abstract : Turbulence has a strong influence on plankton contact rate, which is a crucial parameter for plankton ecology. In the field of particle-turbulence interactions, it is now well known that fully developed turbulence does not always homogenise particle distributions, but instead creates, in some well-defined conditions, preferential concentrations of heavy particles. Many studies have considered the influence of this type of preferential concentration on particle contact rate. We consider here the possible application of these results to copepods, assuming that some results obtained for heavy particles are still valid for light particles. Using parameter values representative of copepod species in coastal waters and open ocean, we numerically estimate the possible enhancement of copepod contact rates due to the preferential concentration by turbulence. The assessment is done by using data from a laboratory experiment: we find from the trajectory analysis of small neutrally buoyant particles, that the preferential concentration effect increases the contact rate up to $140\%$. We argue that this effect may be more pronounced for higher Reynolds numbers, and may have important ecological applications.

Keywords : Turbulence copepods preferential concentration scaling contact rate





Autor: François G Schmitt - Laurent Seuront -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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