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BioMedical Engineering OnLine

, 9:61

First Online: 19 October 2010Received: 13 April 2010Accepted: 19 October 2010


BackgroundThe waveform morphology of intracranial pressure pulses ICP is an essential indicator for monitoring, and forecasting critical intracranial and cerebrovascular pathophysiological variations. While current ICP pulse analysis frameworks offer satisfying results on most of the pulses, we observed that the performance of several of them deteriorates significantly on abnormal, or simply more challenging pulses.

MethodsThis paper provides two contributions to this problem. First, it introduces MOCAIP++, a generic ICP pulse processing framework that generalizes MOCAIP Morphological Clustering and Analysis of ICP Pulse. Its strength is to integrate several peak recognition methods to describe ICP morphology, and to exploit different ICP features to improve peak recognition. Second, it investigates the effect of incorporating, automatically identified, challenging pulses into the training set of peak recognition models.

ResultsExperiments on a large dataset of ICP signals, as well as on a representative collection of sampled challenging ICP pulses, demonstrate that both contributions are complementary and significantly improve peak recognition performance in clinical conditions.

ConclusionThe proposed framework allows to extract more reliable statistics about the ICP waveform morphology on challenging pulses to investigate the predictive power of these pulses on the condition of the patient.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1475-925X-9-61 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Fabien Scalzo - Shadnaz Asgari - Sunghan Kim - Marvin Bergsneider - Xiao Hu


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