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Autor: Magee, Peter

Lugar: Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Fecha de publicación: 1999

Detalles: ISIMU: Revista sobre Oriente Próximo y Egipto en la antigüedad 2 (1999): 353-363

Área: Historia

Autor: Magee, Peter

Fuente: https://repositorio.uam.es


A PROPOSED FUNCTION FOR LATE PREHISTORIC INCISED ARROWHEADS IN SOUTHEASTERN ARABIA Peter M a g e University of Sydney In this paper I will elucidate a potentially important aspect of symbolic and ritual life for the inhabitants of ancient southeastern Arabia.
Incised bronze arrowheads are commonly recovered on sites dating between 1500 and c.
600 BC.
To date, well over fifty of these have been found at sites stretching from Oman to the eastern province of Saudi Arabia (Figs 1-2).
In a paper published in 1998 I drew attention to the distribution and chronology of these artefacts2.Their function, however, has remained unaddressed.
Here I detail a possible link between these artefacts and a series of historically-attested divination rituals which were practised in pre-Islamic southern Arabia. 2.
FORMAL CHARACTERISTICS AND CONTEXT A detailed analysis of the form and decoration of incised arrowheads was presented in 1998~and an up-dated list is seen in Table 1.
Although I have not had the chance to physically examine all the arrowheads, judging by the published examples, there are several decorative and morphological aspects of the corpus as a whole that may bear directly on the issue of their function. Firstly, the decoration consists of a limited number of elements, in particular a chevron and -x- or star motif.
Three distinct schemes are apparent.
The first is characterised by a -XIXI -scheme running from the tang of the arrowhead to the tip.
The second scheme consists of a -XI - pattern running towards the tip of the arrowhead while the third consists of two chevrons.
These schemes are not geographically differentiated and are, in fact, found in the same graves at a number of sites.
The decorative uniformity and geographical distribution suggest that whatever behaviour is associated with the arrowheads was widespread and commonly understood.
Secondly, the balance of evidence suggests that they are more commonly found in graves than settlements suggesting that aspec...

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