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Autor: Gonzalez Novoa, José Antonio; Montes del Olmo, Carlos; Rodríguez, José; Tapia, Washington

Lugar: The Resilience Alliance

Fecha de publicación: 2008

Detalles: EandS: ecology and society 13.2 (2008)

Editor-s Version:

Área: Medio ambiente

Autor: Gonzalez Novoa, José Antonio - Montes del Olmo, Carlos - Rodríguez, José - Tapia, Washington



Copyright © 2008 by the author(s).
Published here under license by the Resilience Alliance. González, J.
A., C.
Montes, J.
Rodríguez, and W.
Rethinking the Galapagos Islands as a complex social-ecological system: implications for conservation and management.
Ecology and Society 13 (2): 13.
[online] URL: Insight Rethinking the Galapagos Islands as a Complex Social-Ecological System: Implications for Conservation and Management José A.
González 1, Carlos Montes 1, José Rodríguez 2, and Washington Tapia 3 ABSTRACT.
The Galapagos Islands are among the most renowned natural sites in the world.
Unlike other oceanic archipelagos, the ecological and evolutionary processes characteristic of Galapagos have been minimally affected by human activities, and the archipelago still retains most of its original, unique biodiversity.
However, several recent reports suggest that the development model has turned unsustainable and that the unique values of the archipelago might be seriously at risk.
In response to international concern, UNESCO added Galapagos to the list of World Heritage in Danger in 2007.
Our goal was to provide new insights into the origins of the present-day crisis and suggest possible management alternatives.
To this end, we re-examined the Galapagos situation from a broad systems perspective, conceptualizing the archipelago as a complex social-ecological system.
Past, present, and possible future trends were explored using the resilience theory as a perspective for understanding the dynamics of the system.
Four major historical periods were characterized and analyzed using Holling’s adaptive cycle metaphor.
The current Galapagos situation was characterized as a prolonged series of crisis events followed by renewal attempts that have not yet been completed.
Three plausible future scenarios were identified, with tourism acting as the primary driver of change.
The current tourism model reduce...

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